And I was just looking back at the figures that I was then talking about in for the end of the century. Do you know my estimates which were regarded with such ridicule and denounced, behold the academics forgive me, they are less than the official estimate which the Franks reported at the beginning of this year are thought. So upon the whole I have leaned, perhaps it's a fault, towards the under-estimation of the magnitude and of the danger.
The whip hand
And then asked him, "what do you see as the likely prospect now? Still the 'River Tiber foaming with blood'? My prospect is that, politicians of all parties will say "Well Enoch Powell is right, we don't say that in public but we know it in private, Enoch Powell is right and it will no doubt develop as he says.
But it's better for us to do nothing now, and let it happen perhaps after our time, than to seize the many poisonous nettles which we would have to seize if we were at this stage going to attempt to avert the outcome. We won't be blamed, we'll either have gone or we'll slip out from under somehow. Polls in the s and s showed that Powell's views were popular among the British population at the time.
The Rivers of Blood speech has been blamed for leading to " Paki-bashing ", violent attacks against British Pakistanis and other British Asians , which became frequent after the speech in ;  however, there is "little agreement on the extent to which Powell was responsible for racial attacks". Powell was mentioned in early versions of the song " Get Back " by the Beatles.
On 5 August , Eric Clapton provoked an uproar and lingering controversy when he spoke out against increasing immigration during a concert in Birmingham. Visibly intoxicated, Clapton voiced his support of the controversial speech, and announced on stage that Britain was in danger of becoming a "black colony".
Among other things, Clapton said "Keep Britain white! In November , the actor and comedian Sanjeev Bhaskar recalled the fear which the speech instilled in Britons of Indian origin: "At the end of the s, Enoch Powell was quite a frightening figure to us. He was the one person who represented an enforced ticket out, so we always had suitcases that were ready and packed. My parents held the notion that we may have to leave.
Whilst a section of the white population appeared to warm to Powell over the speech, the author Mike Phillips recalls that it legitimised hostility, and even violence, towards black Britons like himself. In his book The British Dream , David Goodhart claims that Powell's speech in effect "put back by more than a generation a robust debate about the successes and failures of immigration". Just when a discussion should have been starting about integration, racial justice, and distinguishing the reasonable from the racist complaints of the white people whose communities were being transformed, he polarised the argument and closed it down.
After Powell delivered the speech, there were attempts to locate the Wolverhampton constituent whom Powell described as being victimised by non-white residents. Shortly after Powell's death, Kenneth Nock, a Wolverhampton solicitor, wrote to the Express and Star in April to claim that his firm had acted for the woman in question, but that he could not name her owing to rules concerning client confidentiality.
Learning from 1968's Leading Anti-Immigration Alarmist
In order to increase her income, she rented rooms to lodgers, but did not wish to rent rooms to West Indians and stopped taking in any lodgers when the Race Relations Act banned racial discrimination in housing. She locked up the spare rooms and lived only in two rooms of the house. In the United Kingdom, particularly in England, "Enoch [Powell] was right" is a phrase of political rhetoric, inviting comparison of aspects of current English society with the predictions made by Powell in the "Rivers of Blood" speech.
Badges, T-shirts and other items bearing the slogan have been produced at different times in the United Kingdom. Powell gained the support of the far-right in Britain. Badges, T-shirts and fridge magnets emblazoned with the slogan "Enoch was right" are regularly seen at far-right demonstrations, according to VICE News.
Some in the Church of England , of which Powell had been a member, took a different view. Upon Powell's death, Barbados-born Wilfred Wood , then Bishop of Croydon , stated, "Enoch Powell gave a certificate of respectability to white racist views which otherwise decent people were ashamed to acknowledge". In October , support for the speech was expressed by the Plymouth University Conservatives who referenced the phrase "Enoch was Right" on one of the apparel worn for a society gathering.
Enoch Powell's Rivers of Blood: The speech that divided a nation | UK News | Sky News
In an interview for Today shortly after her departure from office as Prime Minister in , Margaret Thatcher said that Powell had "made a valid argument, if in sometimes regrettable terms". Thirty years after the speech, Edward Heath said that Powell's remarks on the "economic burden of immigration" had been "not without prescience". The Labour Party MP Michael Foot remarked to a reporter that it was "tragic" that this "outstanding personality" had been widely misunderstood as predicting actual bloodshed in Britain, when in fact he had used the Aeneid quotation merely to communicate his own sense of foreboding.
He was right and immigration has changed the face of Britain dramatically. In January , UK Independence Party leader Nigel Farage , after being told during an interview that a statement just read to him had come from Powell's speech, said: "Well what he was warning about was the large influx of people into an area, that change an area beyond recognition, there is tension — the basic principle is right. It is precisely what I was talking about over 20 years ago and Enoch Powell was warning against long before that.
We have imported far too many immigrants who have come here not to live in our society, but to replicate here the society of their homelands.
Hamilton said that Powell had been "proved right by events" in terms of social change if not violence. The speech is the subject of a play, What Shadows , written by Chris Hannan. The Speech , a novel by author Andrew Smith set in Wolverhampton during the ten days before and after the speech and featuring Powell as a character, was published in October by Urbane Publications.
In the days before the broadcast, there was criticism from a number of commentators of the BBC's decision to broadcast the still-controversial speech. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Politics portal United Kingdom portal s portal. Parliamentary Debates Hansard.
Shropshire Star. The Daily Telegraph. Now some say he was right".
productadvisor.henkel.buildingonline.com/the-artifact-hunter.php Washington Post. Retrieved 13 October British General Election of Palgrave Macmillan UK. Modern History Review. Loughborough University.
Helter Skelter Publishing. The Guardian. Retrieved 20 April The Independent.
The telephone is her lifeline. Her family pay the bill, and help her out as best they can. Immigrants have offered to buy her house—at a price which the prospective landlord would be able to recover from his tenants in weeks, or at most a few months. She is becoming afraid to go out. Windows are broken. She finds excreta pushed through her letter box.
When she goes to the shops, she is followed by children, charming, wide-grinning piccaninnies. They cannot speak English, but one word they know. When the new Race Relations Bill is passed, this woman is convinced she will go to prison. And is she so wrong? I begin to wonder. In his estimation, those who believed that integration would allow people like the pensioner and her neighbors to live together in harmony were dangerously deluded:. Now, at all times, where there are marked physical differences, especially of colour, integration is difficult though, over a period, not impossible.
There are among the Commonwealth immigrants who have come to live here in the last fifteen years or so, many thousands whose wish and purpose is to be integrated and whose every thought and endeavour is bent in that direction. But to imagine that such a thing enters the heads of a great and growing majority of immigrants and their descendants is a ludicrous misconception, and a dangerous one. We are on the verge here of a change. Hitherto it has been force of circumstance and of background which has rendered the very idea of integration inaccessible to the greater part of the immigrant population—that they never conceived or intended such a thing, and that their numbers and physical concentration meant the pressures towards integration which normally bear upon any small minority did not operate.
Now we are seeing the growth of positive forces acting against integration, of vested interests in the preservation and sharpening of racial and religious differences, with a view to the exercise of actual domination, first over fellow-immigrants and then over the rest The cloud no bigger than a man's hand, that can so rapidly overcast the sky, has been visible recently in Wolverhampton and has shown signs of spreading quickly.
Thus his dramatic proposals: an end to almost all immigration; and financial incentives to encourage some percentage of immigrants to voluntarily return to their countries of origin, so as to tip the demographic trajectory decisively toward whites. He concluded by invoking the U. In numerical terms, it will be of American proportions long before the end of the century. Only resolute and urgent action will avert it even now. Though little-known in the U. Many people know of this controversial speech but few have heard it beyond soundbites. This is a rigorous journalistic analysis of a historical political speech.
For one side, a society confronted with nativistic sentiments ought to suppress their expression; for the other, they are best aired with context, analysis, and dissents. He died in Thousands of people, including politicians and public figures, took to social media to demand that the broadcaster reverse its decision. Charlie Brinkhurst-Cuff, an opinions editor at gal-dem. Some social media users, however, not only backed the broadcast, but tweeted incendiary and sometimes discriminatory comments under the hashtag EnochPowellWasRight.
Log In. Why is the speech controversial? Many said the broadcast would normalize hatred.